Transistors (modern transistors)
|Transistors were invented in 1947. One of the
first computers to utilize transistors was the 1953 MIT-TX0.
In 1954, the TRADIC computer was the first universal computer to be entirely transistorized.
Transistors came in various sizes and shapes. Their big advantage over vacuum tubes was their smaller size and the fact that they did not produce the heat levels which vacuum tubes were famous for.
History of Computing
An Encyclopedia of the People and Machines that Made Computer History
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