Sony Computers

Shown is a Sony Hit Bit HB 75AS MSX Computer (c1980s)

Sony: A Brief Snapshot

Historically, Sony has produced a wide variety of computers and electronic devices.

The Sony Corporation is a leading manufacturer of audio, video, communications and information technology products for the consumer and professional markets. Its music, motion pictures, television production, computer entertainment operations and online businesses make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. Sony Corporation of America, based in New York City, is the U.S. subsidiary of Sony Corporation headquartered in Tokyo.

Before making its first consumer electronics products, Sony was a recording media company. In 1950, Sony introduced the first recording tape in Japan - the KA series Soni-tape. Together with the Type G audio recorder, it put Sony on the map. In fact, this first innovation became the basis for the company’s namesake – Sony

Throughout its history, Sony’s Recording Media business has been responsible for the development of a number of professional tape firsts. Among those have been the one-inch and U-matic® format in the 1970s, analog Betacam® in the early ‘80s and landmark digital technologies in the ‘90s such as Digital Betacam, DVCAM®, Betacam SX® and HDCAM®.

In 1955, Sony introduced the first transistor radio in Japan.

In 1960, Sony introduced the world's first fully transistorized, portable Black and White TV in Japan.

In 1961, Sony marketed the world's first all-transistor television in America.

The first commercial compact discs were developed in 1979 by the electronics companies North American Philips Corporation and Sony in Japan (Joint Licensing agreements). Philips and Sony also produced a series of standards books defining various technologies used in compact disc related systems. These standards became known as the Color Books, since they were published in different colored binders.

The first compact disc standard from Philips and Sony was called CD-DA for "Compact Disc-Digital Audio." It was launched in October 1982. The standard for CD-DA was published in the Red Book.

In 1990, Sony introduced the first writable CD. Also in 1990, Sony introduced the first Digital Audio Tape (DAT) Walkman personal stereo.

In 1991, Sony developed the MiniDisc (MD), a revolutionary, ultra compact optical disk.




History of Computing

An Encyclopedia of the People and Machines that Made Computer History

Copyright © 1982-2000, Lexikon Services "History of Computing" ISBN 0-944601-78-2

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