Jacquard Punched Card Loom Machine (1801)

Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752-1834) developed an automatic pattern loom using punched holes in paper cards.

He based his designs on earlier designs by the French inventor Jacques de Vaucanson, who (1741) developed a loom driven by a drum pierced with holes.

The Jacquard loom cards concept was later used in early tabulating machines (see Hollerith) and later computers (see IBM Cards).

 


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