Lexikon's History of Computing

- Photo Copyright Information -

Return to Title Page

 

 

About Large Photos

Acknowledgements

Trademarks and Copyrights

Copyright Notice (C)

The photos and illustrations in this CD book are used with the permission of
their respective copyright owners.
This CD is designed for educational purposes for those interested in the history of
computing and calculating technologies.

Photos may not be republished without permission in writing from the copyright holder.

In most cases, copyright holders permit use for non-profit, educational purposes

such as teacher materials, student reports, etc.

Photos on this CD may not be repackaged or resold.

If any Photos are used for educational reports, student projects or other work, please credit:

"Lexikon's History of Computing Encyclopedia on CD ROM"

Thank you!

ComputerHistory@aol.com

 

What Photos Are Included?

The "History of Computing" contains photos of a wide variety of computing machines
and related components, such as:

 

Early adding machines

Early calculators

Early typewriting machines

Giant Brains (1940's and 1950's computers)

Early mainframe computers from the 1960's through 1980's

Early microcomputers, home computers, business computers

Computer video games

Computer toys

Handheld computers

Handheld calculators and electronic aids

Vacuum tubes and circuits

Microprocessors

Transistors

Electrical components and computer peripherals

Early computer pioneers

Computer manuals, documentation, books

Computer punched cards and early items

Computer advertisements

And more!

Scroll Down for Photo Credits

 

Photo Credits (Scroll Down)

COURTESY OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION ("IBM")

William Schickard's Calculator of 1623,
Pascal's Pascaline calculator,
Herman Hollerith's Punch Card Tabulator,
T. Watson, Jr. and T. Watson, Sr.,
John H. Patterson, Founder of NCR, Corp.,
Leibniz Wheel calculator, Eniac 1946,
George Scheutz' calculator 1853, George Westinghouse,
Memory Core Diagram, Paper Tape Diagram,
Babbage Difference Engine, IBM 604, 701, 704, 705, 709,
ASCC, System/360, Other early IBM computers

COURTESY OF NATIONAL CASH REGISTER COMPANY

NCR 304 Solid State Computer (1957)

COURTESY OF IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

Atanasoff-Berry Computer (1941)
John Vincent Atanasoff

COURTESY OF COMPAQ COMPUTER

Compaq Computers

COURTESY OF THE MIT MUSEUM

MIT's TX-0 Computer
Vannevar Bush with Differential Analyzer
V. Bush's Differential Analyzer
Jay Forrester and Whirlwind Computer (1952)

COURTESY OF HEWLETT-PACKARD CORPORATION

David Packard
William Hewlett
HP-35 Calculator

COURTESY OF CHARLES BABBAGE INSTITUTE
UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, MINNEAPOLIS

John von Neumann
Charles Babbage
John Mauchy and J. Presper Eckert
Burroughs 5500
Burroughs 6700
Illiac-IV

COURTESY OF KINGS COLLEGE, LONDON

Alan Turing

COURTESY OF DR. KONRAD ZUSE

Dr. Konrad Zuse
Z3 Computer, Z4 Computer

COURTESY OF AUCTION TEAM BRECKER

Odhner Arithmometer

COURTESY OF "THIS OLD OFFICE INC."

Dalton Adding Machine 1915
Colmar Arithmometer 1870
Monroe Calculator c. 1917
Blickensderfer typewriter 1893
The TIM Calculator
Marchant machine in box
Marchant calculator 1920
Brunsviga Midget 1910

COURTESY OF EDMUND SCIENTIFIC CO.

Edmund Calculator 1976

COURTESY OF KAYPRO COMPUTER

Kaypro 2X microcomputer

COURTESY OF XEROX CORPORATION

Alto Microcomputer (Xerox PARC)

COURTESY OF U.S. GOVERNMENT

U.S. Government Archive Photos, Not Copyrightable in the U.S.

COURTESY OF U.S. ARMY

U.S. Army Archive Photos, Not Copyrightable in the U.S.

Eniac Photos

NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS:

Williams Tube

SEAC Computer

SWAC Computer

NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY:

American Bombe code breaking machine

German Enigma machine

THE PAUL PIERCE COLLECTION
http://www.teleport.com/~prp/collect/)

Photos of the DEC PDP machines and other early machines

THE COMMERCIAL COMPUTING MUSEUM (Closed in 1997), KEVIN STUMPF

Photos of the Amdahl and IBM Punch Card Machine

COLLECTION OF HAL LAYER, SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIVERSITY

CDC 6600 Console, Compumedic, EAI, Altair, Byte, Apricot, Geniac
IBM 5100 Personal Computer, IBM Portable Computer, IMSAI, Kim-1,
SCELBI, HP 75D

COMPTOMETER PAGES AND PHOTOS COURTESY OF BROOKE W. BOERING

Comptometer "Biography of a Machine"

ROBERT COSTELLO

UNIVAC Digital Tape Photos

ED (HELICOPTERMAN)

UNIVAC PLUG BOARDS, MEMORY BOARDS AND DIODE BOARDS

COURTESY OF BOB WOOD

IMSAI Microcomputer

SOL 20 Microcomputer

COURTESY OF MICHAEL FRIEDERS 

Heathkit DEC H-11

COURTESY OF PAUL ALLISON

ORIC-1 Personal Computer

HAGLEY MUSEUM AND LIBRARY

Univac Photos

Grace Hopper Photo

COURTESY OF NEW BEGINNING ANTIQUES
Http://www.NewBegin.com

TIM Calculator, Siedel & Ne, Brunsviga Calculator,
Thatcher Calculator, Adix Calculator, Blickensderfer #5 Typewriter
Electrodata Datatron Computer Console

COURTESY OF GLEN SANFORD
http://www.apple-history.com/gallery.html

Apple I photos and advertisement

COURTESY OF LEE BENDAL

BBC Microcomputers, Dragon, SX Spectrum

COURTESY OF LEO COMPUTERS SOCIETY
LEO Computers Society Home Page

LEO Computers

COURTESY OF STEFAN MANSIER/
--
Computer Picture Database

Amstrad Microcomputers
Cray-1, Gamma-3, IBM-360

COURTESY OF STEVE EMERY

Microprocessor Chips, 4004, 8008, 8088,
RCA, Rockwell, Simon Cellular PDA
IBM Vacuum Tubes, and others

COURTESY OF CRAIG SOLOMONSON

Core Memory, Bizmac Brochure, GE Mag Tape,
IBM 705 Brochure, IBM 709 Manual, Bendix Tubes,
IBM model 29 Card Punch Manual, SDS 900, Army ADP Manual

COURTESY OF HACKETT ELECTRONICS

Core Memory from Nova Computer

COURTESY OF TONY BROWN

Acorn Microcomputers and other UK Micros

COURTESY OF TOM CARLSON AND THE OBSOLETE COMPUTER MUSEUM
www.obsoletecomputermuseum.org

Spectravideo Microcomputer

COURTESY OF ZBIGNIEW STACHNIAK

TI Compact Computer 40

COURTESY OF CHRIS JOHNSON

Dynabyte Control Computer

COURTESY OF WWW.NWCOMPUTERS.COM

Vectrex Home Video Computer

Intellevision Home Video Computer

Sega Master Home Video Computer

COURTESY OF LEXIKON PHOTO LIBRARY

Osborne 1, Osborne Executive, Commodore PET, UNIVAC Tape Reel, Vacuum Tubes,
Handheld Calculators, and other photos

COURTESY OF OFFBEAT INC Collectibles

Bowmar Calculators, Burroughs, and others

COURTESY OF DAVID MAY

Various hand-held calculators, including Rockwell,
Commodore, HP, TI, and many others.

COURTESY OF BUD SILLOWAY

SAGE Computer System

 

OTHER PHOTOS

Ed Thelen

Walter Mosscrop

John Woodall

 

Other photos not specifically listed here are courtesy of the Lexikon Services photo library,
Auction Team Brecker, or International Business Machines Corporation.

For other photo credits, see the individual listings in this encyclopedia.

Copyright or Trademark Owners

Trademarks, Tradenames and copyrighted names appearing in this encyclopedia are the property of their respective owners. Note: This list may be incomplete

Adobe

Adobe Systems, Inc.

AIX

IBM

Aldus

Aldus Corp

Alpha

Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)

ALR

Advanced Logic Research, Inc.

Altair

(was MITS; Pertec)

AMD

Advanced Micro Devices

AOL

America Online

Amiga

Commodore Computer

AmiPro

Lotus Development Corporation

Apollo

Apollo Computer

Apple

Apple Computer, Inc.

AppleSoft

Apple Computer, Inc.

AppleTalk

Apple Computer, Inc.

AppleWriter

Apple Computer, Inc.

AppleWorks

Apple Computer, Inc.

AS/400

IBM

AST

AST Research, Inc.

AT&T

American Telephone and Telegraph Company

Atari XE

Atari, Inc.

Atari 520ST

Atari, Inc.

BYTE

McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Canon

Canon Inc.

Compaq Deskpro

Compaq Computer Corp.

Compaq Deskpro 286

Compaq Computer Corp.

Compaq Deskpro 386

Compaq Computer Corp.

Compaq Deskpro 386/20

Compaq Computer Corp.

CompuServe

CompuServe, Inc.

Courier

U.S. Robotics Corp.

CP/M

Novell, Inc. (formerly of Digital Research

dBASE

Borland International, Inc.

dBASE II, III & IV

Borland International, Inc.

Dell

Dell Computer Corp

DESQview

Quarterdeck Office Systems, Inc.

DrawPerfect

Novell, Inc. (WordPerfect division)

DR DOS

Novell, Inc. (formerly of Digital Research)

Epson

Epson America, Inc.

Ethernet

Xerox, Inc.

Everex

Everex Systems, Inc.

Excel

Microsoft Corp.

FoxPro

Microsoft Corp.

GEM

Digital Research

Harvard Graphics

Software Publishing Corp.

Hayes

Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc.

Hercules

Hercules Computer Technology

HP-UX

Hewlett-Packard Company

HP Vectra PC

Hewlett-Packard Company

HyperCard

Apple Computer, Inc.

i386

Intel Corp.

i486

Intel Corp.

IPX

Novell, Inc.

IRIS

Silicon Graphics, Inc.

LAN Manager

Microsoft Corp.

Lisa

Apple Computer, Inc.

Lotus 1-2-3

Lotus Development Corp.

Lotus Notes

Lotus Development Corp.

Macintosh

Apple Computer, Inc.

MacPaint

Claris Corp.

Micro Channel

IBM

Microsoft

Microsoft Corp.

Microsoft Access

Microsoft Corp.

MicroVAX

Digital Equipment Corp.

Motorola

Motorola Corp.

MS-DOS

Microsoft Corp.

MultiMate

Multimate International

NCR

NCR Corp.

NEC

Nippon Electric Company

Netscape Navigator; Netscape Communicator

Netscape Communications Corp.

NetWare

Novell, Inc.

Newton

Apple Computer, Inc.

NextStep

NeXT, Inc.

Novell DOS

Novell, Inc.

NuBus

Texas Instruments

OfficeVision

IBM

Okidata

Oki America, Inc.

Olivetti

Olivetti

OS/2

IBM

PageMaker

Aldus Corp.

Paradox

Borland International, Inc.

PC/AT

IBM

PC/XT

IBM

PCjr

IBM

PDP-11

Digital Equipment Corporation

Pentium

Intel Corp.

PerfectOffice

Novell, Inc.

PET

Commodore Computer

PKZIP

PKWARE, Inc.

PKWARE

PKWARE, Inc.

PostScript

Adobe Systems, Inc.

PowerBook

Apple Computer, Inc.

Power Mac

Apple Computer, Inc.

Presentation Manager

IBM

ProDOS

Apple Computer, Inc.

Proprinter

IBM

PS/1

IBM

PS/2

IBM

Quarterdeck

Quarterdeck Office Systems, Inc.

QuickBasic

Microsoft Corp.

RISC System/6000

IBM

RS/6000

IBM

RT PC

IBM

SAA

IBM

SCO

Santa Cruz Operations, Inc.

Selectric

IBM

SideKick

Borland International, Inc.

Smartmodem

Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc.

Solaris

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sound Blaster

Creative Technology, Inc.

SunOS

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

ThinkPad

IBM

3Com

3Com Corp.

TI

Texas Instruments

TI-99/4

Texas Instruments

TopView

IBM

TRS-80

Tandy-Radio Shack (Tandy Corporation)

ValuePoint

IBM

VAX

Digital Equipment Corp

VINES

Banyan Systems, Inc

Visual Basic

Microsoft Corp.

Visual C++

Microsoft Corp.

Wang

Wang Laboratories, Inc.

Windows

Microsoft Corp.

Windows NT

Microsoft Corp.

Wordperfect

Novell, Inc.

WordStar

WordStar International Inc.

XENIX

Microsoft Corp.

Xerox

Xerox Corp.

Z-80

Zilog, Inc.

 

Return to Title Page

Master Index

Copyright © 1982-2002, 2003 Lexikon Services "History of Computing" ISBN 0-944601-78-2

 

 ComputerHistory@aol.com

 

 

 

About Large Photos

The CD ROM Encyclopedia contains small to medium sized photos that can be viewed through the HTML pages.

The CD also contains over many LARGE photos that are full screen views. These can be viewed with a typical photo viewer. They are installed to your hard drive with the Install program. These file names usually start with the word LARGE....

 

Also, this Computer History Encyclopedia CD also contains many additional photos that are not part of the html pages. These can be viewed by any photo viewer or by the Polyview demo view included on the CD ROM.

Copyright © 1982-2002, 2003 Lexikon Services "History of Computing" ISBN 0-944601-78-2

 

Return to Title Page

Master Index