Lexikon's History of Computing

Chronology of Languages,

Operating Systems, Major Programs

(some dates are approximate)

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Year - Languages, Operating Systems, Major Programs, Etc.

1945 EDVAC utilizes stored program concept

1942-45 Plankalkul (Konrad Zuse)

1949 Short Code (for BINAC) (John Mauchly)

1950 Intermediate Programming Language (Arthur W. Burks)

1951 Klamemerausdrucke (algebraic language and compilers)

1951 Formules (complete compiler) (Heinz Rutishauser)

1951 Find (for the Whirlwind) (Jack Gilmore)

1952 Autocode compiler (Alick E. Glennie)

1952 Short Code (for UNIVAC 1) (W.F. Schmidt, A.B. Tonik, J.R. Logan)

1952 Sort-Merge Generator (for UNIVAC 1) (Betty Holberton)

1952c COMPOOL (for SAGE) (MIT)

1952 Punchy (for TX-O) (Jack Gilmore)

1953 A-2 Compiler (for UNIVAC) (Grace Hopper)

1953 Algebraic interpreter (for Whirlwind, MIT) (J.H. Laning, N. Zierler)

1953 Speedcoding (for IBM 701) (John Backus)

1954 Operating System (for IBM 701, General Motors Research Laboratory)

1954 Autocode (for Manchester Mark 1) (R.A. Booker)

1954 PiPi-2 Prgrmg Program (compiler, USSR) (E.Z. Liumbimskii, S.S. Kamynin)

1954c Autocoder assembly language (for IBM 705)

1955 PiPi Programming Program (for BESM) (USSR)

1955 BACAIC (for IBM 701) (Mandalay Grems, R.E. Porter, Boeing Airplane Co.)

1955 MATH-MATIC mathematical programming language (for UNIVAC) (C. Katz)

1955 Kompiler 2 (for IBM 701) (A. Kenton Elsworth, Livermore Laboratory)

1956 Operating Sys. (for IBM 704) (General Motors; North American Aviation)

1956 ADES (U.S. Naval Observatory) (E.K.Blum)

1956 APT machine tool control (MIT) (Douglas Ross)

1956 Logic Theorist AI program (A. Newell & H. Simon, Carnegie Institute)

1956 IT (Internal Translator) (for IBM 650) (A. Perlis & J.W. Smith)

1956 Mark I report generator (for IBM 702) (General Electric-Hanford)

1956 FORTRAN (Formula Translation) (John Backus, IBM)

1957 Mark II Report generator (for IBM 702) (General Electric-Hanford)

1957 IPL-V (Information Processing Language V)

1957 Fortransit programming language

1957 COMIT string processing language (Victor Yngve, MIT)

1957 Scope Writer (for TX-2) (Jack Gilmore)

1957 Lincoln Writer (for TX-2) (Jack Gilmore)

1958 APT (Automatically Programmed Tool)

1958 FLOW-MATIC (for UNIVAC, Remington-Rand) (Grace Hopper)

1958c SOAP assembler (for IBM 650)

1958 IR (Information Retrieval) database management system (for IBM 704)

1958 LISP (List Processing language) (John McCarthy, MIT)

1958 AIMACO data processing language

1958 IPL V list processing language

1959 DYNAMO III

1959 TUFF/TUG (for IBM 704)

1959 9PAC file handling (for IBM 709)

1959 FACT business data processing language

1959 SURGE (for IBM 704) (Fletcher Jones)

1959 SAGE operating system (for IBM AN/FSQ7) (System Development Corp.)

1959c SAP assembler (for IBM 704)

1959c ASCI-Matic (Jack Minker)

1959 COBOL (December release)

1960 Atlas operating system for Atlas Computer) (Manchester Univ. & Ferranti)

1960 ALGOL 60 (Algorithmic Language)

1960 COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)

1960 JOVIAL (Jules Own Version of Int. Algebraic Language) (Jules Schwartz)

1960 MAD (Michigan Algorithm Decoder)

1960 NELIAC (Navy Electronics Laboratory International Algol Compiler)

1960 TRAC string processing language

1960 SCEPTRE

1960 IOCS operating system (for IBM 709/7090)

1960 FMS operating system (for IBM 709) (North American Aviation)

1961 COBOL revised and reissued

1961 SOS operating system (for IBM 709) (SHARE and IBM)

1961 GPSS (General Purpose Systems Simulator)

1961 SAC/Aids Formatted File System (for SAC 438L system) (SAC)

1961 BASE-BALL natural language system (B.V. Green)

1961 QUERY database (T. E. Cheatham, S. Warshall)

1961 RPG (Report Program Generator) (for IBM 1401)

1961 MADCAP scientific programming language

1961 ALGY formula manipulation language

1961 GECOM business data processing language

1961 QUICKTRAN on-line programming language

1961 Expensive Typewriter (IBM 360) (Stephen Piner)

1961 COBOL 61 Extended

1962 CTSS operating system (for IBM 7090 & IBM 7094) (Dr.F. Corbato, MIT)

1962 Gen. Info. & Retrieval System (GIRLS) for IBM 7090 (J.A. Postley, AIS)

1962 EXEC 1 operating system (for Univac 1107) (Computer Sciences Corp.)

1962 APL (A Programming Language) (Kenneth Iverson)

1962 IBSYS operating system (IBM 7090)

1962 Advanced Data Management System (ADAM) (for IBM 7030) (MITRE)

1962 COLINGO database (for IBM 1401)

1962 FORMAC formula manipulation

1962 SNOBOL (String Oriented Symbolic Language)

1963 Master Control Program operating system (for Burroughs B5000)

1963 COGO (Coordinate Geometry)

1963 Information Processing System (IPS) (for CDC 1604) (NAVCOSSACT)

1963 JOSS (Johnniac Open Shop System) (J.Cliff Shaw, Rand Corporation)

1963 CORC scientific programming language

1963 OMNIT AB scientific programming language

1963 Ambit

1964 Integrated Data Store (I-D-S) (Charles Bachman, General Electric)

1964 OS/360 operating system (for IBM 360)

1964 BASIC (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) (John Kemeny, Thomas Kurtz, Dartmouth College)

1964 FORMAC (Formula Manipulation Compiler) for non-numeric mathematics (Jean Sammet)

1964 PAT on-line programming language

1964 PL/1 (developed by IBM and SHARE)

1964 Altran

1965 Generalized Update Access Method (GUAM) (IBM 7010) (developed by North American Space Division)

1965 Remote Access Terminal System (for IBM 7010) (developed by IBM, and Rockwell International)

1965 Generalized Information System (GIS) (for IBM System/360)

1965 DENDRAL (Edward Fiegenbaum, Joshua Lederberg (Stanford University)

1965 C-10 database management system (IBM 1410) (developed by MITRE)

1965 COGENT report generator (for IBM 709)

1965 CPS on-line programming language

1965 RUSH on-line programming language

1965 Amtran on-line programming language

1965 FLAP formula manipulation programming language

1965 CLP list processing language

1965c MULTICS interactive operating system (for GE/Honeywell 645) (developed by GE, Bell Labs & MIT)

1965 TRAC

1965 SNOBOL 3

1966 SIMULA I (Kristen Nygaard, Ole-Lohan Dahl) (First Object Oriented Language)

1966 TOSS operating system (for IBM System/360) (developed by RCA)

1966 Dialog on-line programming language

1966 MAP on-line programming language

1966 NAPSS scientific programming language

1966 Euler scientific programming language

1966 Coursewriter II

1966 OMNITAB II

1966 ECAP II (Electronic Circuit Analysis Program II)

1966 MPSX (Mathematical Programming System Extended)

1967 RAMIS non-procedural programming language (Mathematical)

1967 MANAGE database management system (for XDS 940 computer) (developed by Scientific Data Systems)

1967 AS-IST database management system (for IBM System/360) (developed by Applications Software)

1967 LUCID database management system (for AN/FSQ32) (developed by System Development)

1967 ICES (Integrated Civil Engineering System)

1967 CSSL (Continuous Systems Simulation Language)

1967 Simula 67 (Simulation Language 1967)

1967 CPUL programming language

1967 POSE scientific programming language

1967 MAC-30 programming language

1967 DIAGMAG scientific programming language

1967 REDUCE formula manipulation language

1967 SPRINT list processing language

1967 LOLITA list processing language

1967 EOL-3 string processing language

1967 LEAP multipurpose programming language

1967 SNOBOL 4

1968 ALGOL 68 (Algorithmic Language)

1968 ATLAS (Abbreviated Test Language for "All" Systems)

1968 CSMP (Continuous System Modeling Program)

1968 Speakeasy

1968 OS/MFT operating system (for IBM 360 computers)

1968 TSS operating system (for IBM 360/370)

1968 MCP operating system (for Burroughs for B2500 and B3500)

1968 PAL programming language

1968 Proteus programming language

1968 GPL general purpose programming language

1968 TPS

1968 Salem

1968 Ariel

1968 Bruin

1968 TLC

1968 Termac

1968 Active Language 1

1968 Symbal

1968 Champ

1969 MUMPS (Massachusetts General Hospital General Utility Multi-Programming System)

1969 PILOT

1969 CP-67/CMS operating system (for IBM 360 computer)

1969 OS/MVT operating system (for IBM 360 computer)

1969 Data Manager-1 (developed by Auerbach)

1969 UNIX multi-user, multitasking operating system development begun at Bell Labs

1969 Cobol Data Management System (CDMS) (for IBM 360) (developed by Defense Intelligence Agency)

1969 Information Management System (IMS) hierarchical database management system (developed by IBM)

1969 TSOS operating system (for Spectra 70/46) (developed by RCA)

1969 Time Shared Data Management System (TSDMS) (for IBM 360)

1969 Remote File Management System (for CDC 6000) (developed at University of Texas)

1969 McG360 programming language

1969 DML programming language

1969 REL programming language

1969 PLANNER programming language

1969 REF-ARF programming language

1969 IITRAN multipurpose programming language

1969 APAREL multipurpose programming language

1969 NUCLEOL string processing language

1969 LEAF list processing language

1969 IAM formula manipulation language

1969 PPL on-line programming language

1969 OSCAR on-line programming language

1969 TRANQUIL scientific programming language

1969 SPEAKEASY scientific programming language

1969 STIL scientific programming language

1969 Music V (Max Mathews)

1969 Scratchpad

1970 BLISS (Basic Language for Implementation of System Software)

1970 SC-1 database management system (for IBM 360) (developed by Western Electric)

1970 DMS data management system (for Sigma 5,7,9 computers) (developed by Xerox Data Systems)

1970 S2000 data management system (for CDC 6000)(developed by SRI Systems)

1970 AIDS scientific programming language

1970 IIMP scientific programming language

1970 POEL scientific programming language

1970 LPL list processing language

1970 BALM list processing language

1970 Gedanken programming language

1970c Macsyma programming language (Joel Moses, MIT)

1970 Vulcan

1970 PDEL

1970 Pascal (Niklaus Wirth)

1971 VMOS operating system (for Spectra computers) (developed by RCA)

1971 ETC programming language

1971 TUTOR

1971 ISPL (Instruction Set Processor Language)

1971 FORMAC formula manipulation language

1971 HAL/S A programming language used aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia

1972 SMALLTALK object-oriented language (Alan Kay; Xerox)

1972 PL/M high-level language for microprocessor

1972 VS/9 operating system (for UNIVAC Series 90)

1972 Development of C language (Dennis Ritchie)

1973 BS2000 operating system (for Siemens 7500)

1973 VM 1370 operating system (for IBM 370 series)

1973 OS/VS operating system (for IBM 370 series)

1973 Pholas data management system (for Philips P1000)

1973 PDS/MaGEN (Problem Descriptor System)

1974 PL/M

1975 SPSS (Statistical Programs for the Social Sciences)

1975 OS/MVS operating system (for IBM 370 series)

1975 UNIX licensed by Western Electric for academic and commercial sectors

1975 ADA programming language developed for U.S. Dept. of Defense

1975 MDQS (Management Data Query System) developed by Honeywell

1976 Modula multiprocessing language (Niklaus Wirth)

1976 SMALLTALK 76 (Alan Kay, Adele Goldberg, Daniel H. H. Ingalis; Xerox PARC)

1977 CP/M (Control Program for Microprocessors) (Gary Kildall)

1979 VisiCalc electronic spreadsheet software for microcomputers

1979 X-CON (aka RI) expert system (Carnegie-Mellon University) (used at Digital Equipment Corporation)

1980 INTELLECT natural language query system (Artificial Intelligence Corporation)

1980 CPF operating system (for IBM System/38 minicomputer)

1980 C++ (Bjarne Stroustrup, Bell Labs)

1981 MS/DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) developed by Microsoft Corporation) (IBM version called PC/DOS)

1983 KEE (expert systems development tool) IntelliCorp.

198? Objective C (Brad Cox; Stepstone Corporation)

1988 Windows 386 version 2.0 Released by Microsoft Corporation

1990 (April) Windows 3.0 released by Microsoft Corporation

1991 Windows NT Server version 3.1 released by Microsoft Corporation

1994 Windows NT Server version 3.5 released by Microsoft Corporation

1995 Windows 95 (microcomputer operating system and interface, Microsoft Corporation)

1995 JAVA (James Gosling, Sun Microsystems)

1996 Windows NT Server version 4.0 released by Microsoft Corporation

1996 "Inferno" under development by Dennis Ritchie and others

1996 (March) Microsoft's Active X is released

1996 (October) Sun Microsystems SunSoft division releases JavaBeans

1996 Symantec's Visual Cafe 1.0 tool (supports JavaBeans model)

1996 Delphi announces JBuilder (formerly code-named Latte)

1996 IBM's Visual Age (supports JavaBean)

1996 Powersoft announces Jato (originally code-named Starbuck) (supports JavaBeans)

1996 Oracle Corporation announces Sedona, a development tools technology

1997 Microsoft Windows NT 5.0

1998 Microsoft Windows 98

1999 Microsoft Windows 2000 (Active Directory, Active Server, etc.)

2000 Microsoft's .NET software products

2000 Sun Microsystems Java 2 Enterprise Edition

2001 Windows XP (voice, video, application sharing over Internet)

2001 Office XP

2001 Microsoft "Hailstorm" (XML services)

2001 Microsoft "Stinger" (software for smart phones)

 

 

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